How gestational diabetes can affect your pregnancy!


What is meant by gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that is diagnosed for the first time during gestation. It leads to high blood sugar which can affect your pregnancy and your child's health.

What puts you at risk of developing gestational diabetes?

Certain factors indicate you could get gestational diabetes:

  • Following a sedentary lifestyle
  • Being pre-diabetic
  • Having PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
  • Have had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Had delivered an overweight child during an early pregnancy
  • Being of a certain ethnicity such as Asian American, Black,

Hispanic, American Indian

What is the cause of gestational diabetes?

The exact cause of it is not known yet, but since a lot of hormonal changes occur during pregnancy enough insulin is not produced by the body. Also, weight gain makes one insulin-resistant. This could also lead to gestational diabetes. During the later stage of pregnancy, all pregnant women develop some insulin resistance but it does not necessarily lead to gestational diabetes.

What are the symptoms indicating gestational diabetes?

There are no such prominent symptoms. Increased thirst or more frequent urination could be an indication.
If you are someone at a higher risk of gestational diabetes you could be tested earlier else it usually develops during the 24 th week of pregnancy and diagnosis is done somewhere between 24 and 28 weeks.

How could gestational diabetes affect your child during pregnancy?

Overweight childbirth- The baby's blood sugar rise leading to the baby being overfed and an increase in the baby’s weight. The baby could suffer nerve damage because of pressure on the shoulder during the delivery.
Preterm birth- High blood sugar increases the chances of early labor or early delivery could be recommended as the baby is large. Breathing difficulties- Preterm delivery could lead to babies having respiratory distress syndrome.
Hypoglycemia- If the mother is taking insulin or other diabetic medications then she could have low blood sugar, which results in low sugar levels in the baby too after birth. Severe episodes of hypoglycemia may cause seizures in the baby. Obesity and type 2 diabetes in later life- Babies are at a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth- If gestational diabetes is left untreated; it could result in the death of the baby either before or shortly after birth.

How gestational diabetes can affect the mother?

Gestational diabetes increases the risk of health issues in mothers such as:
Preeclampsia: Women with diabetes have high blood pressure more often than women without diabetes. It might lead to preterm delivery and could cause seizures or a stroke when the mother undergoes labor and delivery.
Having a C-Section: The chance of having C-section increases.
Type 2 diabetes: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the mother increases as you get older.

How are you screened for gestational diabetes?

In case you are at risk of gestational diabetes screening for it is done by several tests:

Initial glucose test: In this, you are made to drink a syrupy glucose solution and after an hour your sugar level is measured. If your blood sugar level comes out to be 190 mg/dL, another glucose tolerance test is carried out to determine gestational diabetes.
Follow-up glucose tolerance test: In this, the sugar solution has more sugar than before and then your blood sugar is measured every hour for three hours. If two of the readings are higher than expected, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

How could gestational diabetes be managed?

Managing your blood sugar levels can keep you and your baby healthy. It will prevent complications during pregnancy and delivery.

Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Following a healthy diet plan and staying active will help to keep the blood sugar level in a healthy range.

Monitoring of your blood sugar: Continual monitoring of your sugar levels is advised to check the blood sugar if it is within a healthy range.
Medications or insulin: Some women with gestational diabetes can be prescribed insulin or oral medications to help maintain their blood sugar levels.
Follow-up after delivery: Get yourself tested for diabetes 6 to 12 weeks after your delivery to check if your blood sugar range is back to normal and then after every three years. In case you turn out to be pre-diabetic, the prevention or delay of diabetes will be discussed by your doctor.

If you are at risk of gestational diabetes, consult the best for the proper advice, diagnosis, and treatment. Dr. Vineeta Singh Tandon is a competent diabetologist having 10+ years of expertise in treating various common and rare medical disorders. Evexia established by Dr tandons in Saket is the best clinic to visit for your well-being. Book an
appointment today!

Contact us at:

Sai Baba Mandir, D block -129, Saket, New Delhi, Delhi 110017
+91-7835856540, +91-9737381110

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